Offshore Infrastructure for Clean Fuel Shipping
Hydrogen will be the maritime fuel of the future, under pressure, as a liquid or bound to nitrogen as ammonia. But the energy density is lower than in fossil fuels. For intercontinental shipping, it will be demanding to bring enough fuel for long crossings. Bunker stations in the open sea along routes can be a solution.
The map shows a snapshot of the positions of the world's fleet of ships. Green are cargo ships, red are tankers. As of today, the shipping industry stand for 2.2 % of global emissions of greenhouse gases (2012, IMO). In addition, they release large amounts of harmful sulphur and nitrogen oxides. All these emissions are caused by the burning of oil for propulsion, typically dirty bunker oil.
International regulations will come. We believe that the market for hydrogen as a fuel for ships will accelerate by 2030. There must be an infrastructure in ports around the world. This can be a bottleneck. Offshore bunkering stations can therefore be an advantageous alternative, both for financial and security reasons.